Property-Based Design of KDR Kinase Inhibitors

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Small molecule inhibitors of KDR kinase activity have typically possessed poor intrinsic physical properties including low aqueous solubility and high lipophilicity. These features have often conferred limited cell permeability manifested in low levels of cell-based KDR inhibitory activity and oral bioavailability. Thus, the design of inhibitors with appropriate physical properties has played a critical role in the development of clinical candidates. We present a variety of structural modifications that have afforded improvements in physical properties and thereby have addressed suboptimal cellular potency and pharmacokinetics for three unique classes of KDR kinase inhibitors.

Keywords: angiogenesis; cellular activity; kdr kinase inhibitors; vascular endothelial growth factor

Document Type: Review Article


Affiliations: Departments of Medicinal Chemistry, Cancer Research and Molecular Systems, Merck Research Laboratories, West Point, PA 19486, USA.

Publication date: March 1, 2004

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  • Current Medicinal Chemistry covers all the latest and outstanding developments in medicinal chemistry and rational drug design. Each issue contains a series of timely in-depth reviews written by leaders in the field covering a range of the current topics in medicinal chemistry. Current Medicinal Chemistry is an essential journal for every medicinal chemist who wishes to be kept informed and up-to-date with the latest and most important developments.



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