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Using Property Based Sequence Motifs and 3D Modeling to Determine Structure and Functional Regions of Proteins

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Abstract:

Homology modeling has become an essential tool for studying proteins that are targets for medical drug design.This paper describes the approach we developed that combines sequence decomposition techniques with distance geometry algorithms for homology modeling to determine functionally important regions of proteins.We show here the application of these techniques to targets of medical interest chosen from those included in the CASP5 (Critical Assessment of Techniques for Protein Structure Prediction)competition,including the dihydroneopterin aldolase from Mycobacterium tuberculosis ,RNase III of Thermobacteria maritima ,and the NO-transporter nitrophorin from saliva of the bedbug Cimex lectularius .Physical chemical property (PCP)motifs,identified in aligned sequences with our MASIA program,can be used to select among different alignments returned by fold recognition servers.They can also be used to suggest functions for hypothetical proteins,as we illustrate for target T188.Once a suitable alignment has been made with the template,our modeling suite MPACK generates a series of possible models. The models can then be selected according to their match in areas known to be conserved in protein families. Alignments based on motifs can improve the structural matching of residues in the active site.The quality of the local structure of our 3D models near active sites or epitopes makes them useful aids for drug and vaccine design.Further,the PCP motif approach,when combined with a structural filter,can be a potent way to detect areas involved in activity and to suggest function for novel genome sequences.

Keywords: bayesian statistics; casp5; drug; functional annotation; masia; pcpmer; physical-chemical properties; sequence motifs; vaccine design

Document Type: Review Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/0929867043455819

Affiliations: Sealy Center for Structural Biology,Department of Human Biological Chemistry and Genetics,301 University Boulevard,University of Texas Medical Branch,Galveston, TX 77555-0857,USA.

Publication date: March 1, 2004

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  • Current Medicinal Chemistry covers all the latest and outstanding developments in medicinal chemistry and rational drug design. Each issue contains a series of timely in-depth reviews written by leaders in the field covering a range of the current topics in medicinal chemistry. Current Medicinal Chemistry is an essential journal for every medicinal chemist who wishes to be kept informed and up-to-date with the latest and most important developments.
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