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Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors: From Chromatin Remodeling to Experimental Cancer Therapeutics

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Histone deacetylases (HDACs) are key enzymes in the regulation of gene expression. By maintaining the dynamic equilibrium of the acetylation status of highly conserved lysine residues on histones, they regulate chromatin remodeling and gene expression. A link between aberrant HDAC activity and cancer has been widely reported and HDAC inhibitors have been shown to inhibit the proliferation of human tumor cell lines in vitro. Furthermore, several HDAC inhibitors have exhibited potent anti-tumor activity in human xenograft models, suggesting this class of compounds to be promising novel cancer therapeutic agents. This review provides an update on the current knowledge of HDAC inhibition with a focus on the most recent progress of HDAC inhibitors in clinical development.
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Keywords: anti-cancer; chromatin; histone acetylation

Document Type: Review Article

Affiliations: Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Turnhoutseweg 30, 2340 Beerse, Belgium.

Publication date: 2003-11-01

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  • Current Medicinal Chemistry covers all the latest and outstanding developments in medicinal chemistry and rational drug design. Each issue contains a series of timely in-depth reviews written by leaders in the field covering a range of the current topics in medicinal chemistry. Current Medicinal Chemistry is an essential journal for every medicinal chemist who wishes to be kept informed and up-to-date with the latest and most important developments.
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