Skip to main content

Genetic Analysis of Aldose Reductase in Diabetic Complications

Buy Article:

$55.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Diabetes Mellitus is an increasing concern, worldwide in terms of health. Long-term diabetes often leads to secondary diseases such as cataract, retinopathy, neuropathy, nephropathy, and cardiovascular diseases. The enzyme aldose reductase (AR) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of some of these diseases and inhibitors of AR (ARIs) were effective in preventing some of the diabetic complications in animal models. However, clinical trials of these drugs were disappointing, casting doubt on the role of AR in these diseases. This review focuses on the recent studies using transgenic and gene knockout mice to analyze the role of AR in diabetic cataract and neuropathy. These studies clearly demonstrated that AR is crucial to the pathogenesis of these diseases, and that the mechanism leading to diabetic cataract may be different from that which causes diabetic neuropathy. A number of studies showed that there is a correlation between AR gene markers and susceptibility to develop complications among diabetic patients, suggesting that AR is also involved in the pathogenesis of diabetic complications in human. Together, these genetic studies strongly indicate that AR is an important target for the prevention of diabetic complications in human. This may provide impetus to develop more effective ARIs and to conduct better-designed clinical trials for ARIs in the prevention and treatment of these diseases.
No References
No Citations
No Supplementary Data
No Article Media
No Metrics

Keywords: aldose reductase; diabetic complications; dna polymorphism; gene knockout; transgenic

Document Type: Review Article

Affiliations: Institute of Molecular Biology, The University of Hong Kong, 8 / F Kadoorie Biological Sciences Building, Pokfulam, Hong Kong, China.

Publication date: 2003-08-01

More about this publication?
  • Current Medicinal Chemistry covers all the latest and outstanding developments in medicinal chemistry and rational drug design. Each issue contains a series of timely in-depth reviews written by leaders in the field covering a range of the current topics in medicinal chemistry. Current Medicinal Chemistry is an essential journal for every medicinal chemist who wishes to be kept informed and up-to-date with the latest and most important developments.
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more