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Breast cancer is an example of a solid tumour which is well treated in the early stages of disease by surgical excision, but once metastatic spread has occurred, medical therapies (chemotherapy and radiotherapy) are highly toxic, expensive and palliative. It is known that certain tumours exhibit specific patterns of metastasis, chemokines may provide a molecular answer to this mystery. Chemokines and their receptors play important roles in the various stages of tumour development and metastasis. Chemokines interact with their specific receptors as well as interacting with the glycosaminoglycan (GAG) component of proteoglycan. We discuss the basic metastatic process and the involvement of chemokines in breast cancer biology. Finally, we summarize potential therapeutic applications of chemokines and chemokine / glycosaminoglycan interactions including chemokine agonists, antagonists, anti-sense therapy, immunotherapy and soluble GAGs, as well as future perspectives in this field.
Current Medicinal Chemistry covers all the latest and outstanding developments in medicinal chemistry and rational drug design. Each issue contains a series of timely in-depth reviews written by leaders in the field covering a range of the current topics in medicinal chemistry. Current Medicinal Chemistry is an essential journal for every medicinal chemist who wishes to be kept informed and up-to-date with the latest and most important developments.