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Biological Activity and Synthetic Metodologies for the Preparation of Fluoroquinolones, A Class of Potent Antibacterial Agents

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In this present review we report different synthetic methodologies for the preparation of fluoroquinolones and their biological properties. The appearance of the fluoroquinolones, a new class of antibacterial agents (based on nalidixic acid, 4-quinolone-3-carboxylates), in early 1980's, gave a new impulse for the international competition to synthesize more effective drugs. Fluoroquinolones have a broad spectrum of activity against Gram-positive, Gram-negative and mycobacterial organisms as well as anaerobes. The fluoroquinolone ciprofloxacin hydrochloride is an important bioterrorist weapon and also an antibiotic used to treat bacterial infection in many different parts of the body, approved for use in patients who have been exposed to the inhaled form of anthrax.
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Keywords: Antibacterial Agents; Fluoroquinolones; Gram-positive; Synthetic Metodologies; anthrax; ciprofloxacin; fluoroquinolones; hydrochloride; nalidixic acid

Document Type: Review Article

Publication date: 2003-01-01

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  • Current Medicinal Chemistry covers all the latest and outstanding developments in medicinal chemistry and rational drug design. Each issue contains a series of timely in-depth reviews written by leaders in the field covering a range of the current topics in medicinal chemistry. Current Medicinal Chemistry is an essential journal for every medicinal chemist who wishes to be kept informed and up-to-date with the latest and most important developments.
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