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HIV Protease Inhibitors: Peptidomimetic Drugs and Future Perspectives

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Abstract:

A literature review on the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), the causative agent of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). This review includes its life cycle, HIV protease structure, function, and substrates, as well as the mechanism and the design of inhibitors including the clinically approved drugs. Moreover the review mentioned the problems that hindered the development of peptidomimetic drug candidates as HIV protease inhibitors and the different approaches used by medicinal chemists to overcome these problems. A special attention was made to the design rationale as well as the lead optimization processes that provided inhibitors that possess high potency, reduced molecular weight and lower lipophilicity of the allophenylnorstatine (Apns) containing HIV protease inhibitors.

Keywords: aids; antiviral drugs; enzyme inhibitors; hiv; peptidomimetics

Document Type: Review Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/0929867023368890

Publication date: November 1, 2002

More about this publication?
  • Current Medicinal Chemistry covers all the latest and outstanding developments in medicinal chemistry and rational drug design. Each issue contains a series of timely in-depth reviews written by leaders in the field covering a range of the current topics in medicinal chemistry. Current Medicinal Chemistry is an essential journal for every medicinal chemist who wishes to be kept informed and up-to-date with the latest and most important developments.
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