Oxidative damage is shown to affect every class of biological macromolecule in Alzheimer disease. Disruptions in iron and copper homeostasis are understood as being key players in neurodegenerative disease pathogenesis. Metal homeostasis as it pertains to alterations in brain function in neurodegenerative diseases is reviewed here with its relations to oxidative stress. While there is substantial documented evidence for alterations in transition metal metabolism, redox-activity and localization, it is also important to note that alterations in specific copper- and iron-containing metalloenzymes also contribute to the neurodegenerative process. Understanding these changes offers the opportunity to identify pathways where modification of the disease process can offer effective clinical intervention, from gene therapy to pharmaceuticals with antioxidant and chelating properties.
Current Medicinal Chemistry covers all the latest and outstanding developments in medicinal chemistry and rational drug design. Each issue contains a series of timely in-depth reviews written by leaders in the field covering a range of the current topics in medicinal chemistry. Current Medicinal Chemistry is an essential journal for every medicinal chemist who wishes to be kept informed and up-to-date with the latest and most important developments.