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Endothelin Receptor Antagonists - An Overview

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In thirteen years since the appearance of Endothelin (ET) on the international scene, possibility of its involvement in a variety of diseases has attracted the attention of medicinal chemists in search of novel therapeutics for various cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). Discovery of pharmaceutical agents which either block the generation of ET from its precursor or antagonize its binding to cellular receptor, should not only provide means to assess the physiological role of ET, but lead to useful therapy for conditions associated with altered production or responsiveness to ET. In this review article, we have attempted to present in a classified format, the kaleidoscope of ET receptor antagonists that have emerged through structure activity relationship studies using the parent peptide as well as from screening of various compound libraries. By all indications, the variety and range of small molecules that are currently under investigation continues to open up newer opportunities and lures fresh groups of scientists into this research arena. Presently a number of these compounds are in the clinics, being evaluated for their beneficial effects in a range of human pathologies such as essential hypertension and chronic heart failure.
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Keywords: cardiovcular diseases; diltiazem; enalapril; endothelin receptor; endothelin(et); esmolol; et antagonists; fibronogen receptor antagonist; lisinopril; peptidic antagonists; phosphoramidon(ece inhibitor)

Document Type: Review Article

Publication date: 2002-03-01

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  • Current Medicinal Chemistry covers all the latest and outstanding developments in medicinal chemistry and rational drug design. Each issue contains a series of timely in-depth reviews written by leaders in the field covering a range of the current topics in medicinal chemistry. Current Medicinal Chemistry is an essential journal for every medicinal chemist who wishes to be kept informed and up-to-date with the latest and most important developments.
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