Skip to main content

Thiols in Cellular Redox Signalling and Control

Buy Article:

$63.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Reactive oxygen (ROS) and reactive nitrogen species (RNS) produced in vivo at levels that cannot be dealt with adequately by endogenous antioxidant systems can lead to the damage of lipids, proteins, carbohydrates and nucleic acids. Oxidative modification of these molecules by toxic levels of ROS and RNS represents an extreme event that can lead to deleterious consequences such as loss of function. More recently, however, interest has focused on the formation of these species at sub-toxic levels and their potential to act as biological signal molecules. Subtoxic ROS and RNS production can lead to alterations in cellular and extracellular redox state, and it is such alterations that have been shown to signal changes in cell functions. By the use of a variety of cell types it has been shown that numerous cellular processes including gene expression can be regulated by subtle changes in redox balance Examples of this include the activation of certain nuclear transcription factors, and the determination of cellular fate by apoptosis or necrosis. Cellular redox balance is, under normal circumstances, probably under genetic control and maintained by an array of enzymatic systems that ensure that overall reducing conditions prevail. Thiols, by virtue of their ability to be reversibly oxidised, are recognised as key components involved in the maintenance of redox balance. Additionally, increasing evidence suggests that thiol groups located on various molecules act as redox sensitive switches thereby providing a common trigger for a variety of ROS and RNS mediated signalling events. In this review we discuss a number of cellular processes in which ROS and RNS have been implicated in redox signalling mechanisms. Particular attention has been paid to the importance of thiols and thiol-containing molecules in these processes.
No References
No Citations
No Supplementary Data
No Data/Media
No Metrics

Keywords: Cellular Redox Signalling; Cysteine; Cystine; GLUTATHIONE; REDOX SIGNALLING; Reactive Nitrogen Species (RNS); Reactive oxygen (ROS); SYNTHESIS OF THIOLS; THIOLS; nitrogen species (RNS)

Document Type: Review Article

Publication date: 2001-06-01

More about this publication?
  • Current Medicinal Chemistry covers all the latest and outstanding developments in medicinal chemistry and rational drug design. Each issue contains a series of timely in-depth reviews written by leaders in the field covering a range of the current topics in medicinal chemistry. Current Medicinal Chemistry is an essential journal for every medicinal chemist who wishes to be kept informed and up-to-date with the latest and most important developments.
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more