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Role of Cyclooxygenases in Angiogenesis.

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Angiogenesis is the process by which new blood vessels are formed. This process supports normal physiology as well as contributes to progression of disease. Progressive rheumatoid arthritis and growth of tumors are two pathologies to which angiogenesis contributes. In arthritis, we know that prostaglandins (PGs) and the enzyme cyclooxygenase-2, which catalyses prostaglandin production, are inflammatory mediators. These mediators are involved in rheumatoid arthritis and cancer-induced angiogenic processes. We discuss, herein, recent findings on the expression of cyclooxygenases in both rheumatoid arthritis and human cancer, and the links between COX-2, PGs, and angiogenesis. We also propose a model for the possible mechanistic interaction of the various cell types involved in angiogenesis.
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Keywords: COX-2 Expression and Angiogenesis; COX-2 Suppresses Angiogenesis; Cyclooxygenases in Angiogenesis; Prostaglandin Synthesis

Document Type: Review Article

Publication date: 2000-11-01

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  • Current Medicinal Chemistry covers all the latest and outstanding developments in medicinal chemistry and rational drug design. Each issue contains a series of timely in-depth reviews written by leaders in the field covering a range of the current topics in medicinal chemistry. Current Medicinal Chemistry is an essential journal for every medicinal chemist who wishes to be kept informed and up-to-date with the latest and most important developments.
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