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The Efficacy and Safety of Cilnidipine on Mild to Moderate Essential Hypertension: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials in Chinese Patients

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The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Cilnidipine tablets to treat Chinese patients with mild to moderate essential hypertension, and to examine the ability of Cilnidipine to lower blood pressure without eliciting unfavorable side effects. Medical databases and review articles were screened for randomized controlled trials that reported the effects of and adverse reactions to Cilnidipine and Amlodipine in treating Chinese patients with mild to moderate essential hypertension. The quality of the included studies was critically evaluated. A total of 547 articles were found, from which 11 articles met the inclusion criteria. The heterogeneity test, the efficacy analysis (Q statistic = 4.62, p = 0.91, I2 = 0%) and safety analysis (Q statistic = 3.73, p = 0.93, I2 = 0%) showed that Cilnidipine was equally effective and safe compared to Amlodipine. The funnel-plot displayed a symmetrical figure, indicating there was no publication bias, and all articles included described high quality trials. In conclusion, Cilnidipine is a useful agent to treat mild to moderate essential hypertension in China.
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Keywords: Calcium antagonists; Cilnidipine; Hypertension; essential hypertension; meta-analysis; systematic review

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2012-09-01

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  • Cardiovascular & Hematological Disorders - Drug Targets aims to cover all the latest and outstanding developments on the medicinal chemistry, pharmacology, molecular biology, genomics and biochemistry of contemporary molecular targets involved in cardiovascular and hematological disorders e.g. disease specific proteins, receptors, enzymes, genes. Each issue of the journal will contain a series of timely in-depth reviews written by leaders in the field covering a range of current topics on drug targets involved in cardiovascular and hematological disorders. As the discovery, identification, characterization and validation of novel human drug targets for cardiovascular and hematological drug discovery continues to grow; this journal will be essential reading for all pharmaceutical scientists involved in drug discovery and development.
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