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New Perspectives in the Therapy of Castration Resistant Prostate Cancer

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Abstract:

Prostate Cancer is the most commonly diagnosed malignancy and the second leading cause of cancer-related death in men in the Western World. Docetaxel-based chemotherapy has been the mainstay of treatment until a few years ago for metastatic castration resistant prostatic cancer (mCRPC). Recently, a broad range of therapeutic options has become available for mCRPC in a variety of settings, including chemotherapeutic agents (cabazitaxel), androgen synthesis inhibitors (abiraterone acetate), androgen receptor (AR) inhibitors (enzalutamide) and immunotherapy (sipuleucel-T). Multiple novel targeted agents are at an advanced stage of experimentation, including androgen synthesis inhibitors (TAK700), AR inhibitors (ARN509), radiopharmaceuticals (radium-223) and immunotherapeutic agents (poxvirus-based vaccine, ipilimumab). This review describes in detail the latest results obtained with a the most promising agents in prostate cancer, with a focus on CRPC biology and mechanism of resistance to anti-neoplastic treatment.

Keywords: Chemotherapy; androgen receptor (AR) inhibitors (enzalutamide); androgen synthesis inhibitors (abiraterone acetate); androgen synthesis inhibitors(TAK700); chemotherapeutic agents (cabazitaxel); hormonal therapy; immunotherapy (sipuleucel-T); immunotherapy and targeted therapy; metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer; radiopharmaceuticals (radium-223)

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.2174/138945012803529956

Publication date: 2012-12-01

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  • Current Drug Targets aims to cover the latest and most outstanding developments on the medicinal chemistry and pharmacology of molecular drug targets e.g. disease specific proteins, receptors, enzymes, genes. Each issue of the journal will be devoted to a single timely topic, with series of in-depth reviews, written by leaders in the field, covering a range of current topics on drug targets. These issues will be organized and led by a guest editor who is a recognized expert in the overall topic. As the discovery, identification, characterisation and validation of novel human drug targets for drug discovery continues to grow; this journal will be essential reading for all pharmaceutical scientists involved in drug discovery and development.
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