Nilotinib Therapy in Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia: The Strength of High Selectivity on BCR/ABL
Imatinib mesylate is currently the standard therapy for chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) patients. Despite the remarkable results achieved with imatinib, the emergence of resistance to this drug has become a significant problem. Several strategies have been developed to overcome imatinib resistance, including dose escalation of the drug, combination treatments or novel targeted agents. Nilotinib is a second-generation tyrosine kinase inhibitor 30-50 fold more potent than imatinib with high affinity and selectivity on BCR/ABL, active against a wide range of mutant clones, except T315I mutation. Phase II trials of nilotinib showed high activity in imatinib-resistant or intolerant CML patients; front-line treatment of chronic phase Ph+ CML demonstrated rapid and stable cytogenetic responses and increasing molecular responses. We here review the development of nilotinib and the efficacy data in phase II and front-line trials.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2009-06-01
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