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Nilotinib Therapy in Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia: The Strength of High Selectivity on BCR/ABL

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Imatinib mesylate is currently the standard therapy for chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) patients. Despite the remarkable results achieved with imatinib, the emergence of resistance to this drug has become a significant problem. Several strategies have been developed to overcome imatinib resistance, including dose escalation of the drug, combination treatments or novel targeted agents. Nilotinib is a second-generation tyrosine kinase inhibitor 30-50 fold more potent than imatinib with high affinity and selectivity on BCR/ABL, active against a wide range of mutant clones, except T315I mutation. Phase II trials of nilotinib showed high activity in imatinib-resistant or intolerant CML patients; front-line treatment of chronic phase Ph+ CML demonstrated rapid and stable cytogenetic responses and increasing molecular responses. We here review the development of nilotinib and the efficacy data in phase II and front-line trials.

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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2009-06-01

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  • Current Drug Targets aims to cover the latest and most outstanding developments on the medicinal chemistry and pharmacology of molecular drug targets e.g. disease specific proteins, receptors, enzymes, genes. Each issue of the journal will be devoted to a single timely topic, with series of in-depth reviews, written by leaders in the field, covering a range of current topics on drug targets. These issues will be organized and led by a guest editor who is a recognized expert in the overall topic. As the discovery, identification, characterisation and validation of novel human drug targets for drug discovery continues to grow; this journal will be essential reading for all pharmaceutical scientists involved in drug discovery and development.
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