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Anti-CD3 Recombinant Diphtheria Immunotoxin Therapy of Cutaneous T Cell Lymphoma

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Abstract:

The recombinant CD3 immunotoxin, A-dmDT390-bisFv(UCHT1), composed of the catalytic and translocation domains of diphtheria toxin fused to two single chain Fv fragments of an anti-CD3η monoclonal antibody was administered to five patients with cutaneous T cell lymphoma (CTCL) by eight 15 min intravenous infusions over four days. Side effects were fever, chills, nausea, hypoalbuminemia, transaminasemia and reactivation of EBV and CMV. Half-life of drug was 40 min. Anti-immunotoxin antibodies developed in all patients after two weeks. Two patients had partial remissions lasting 1 and 6+ months. The agent is undergoing further dose escalation and shows promising results in this disease.





Keywords: Immunotoxin; cutaneous T cell lymphoma; diphtheria toxin

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.2174/138945009787354539

Publication date: 2009-02-01

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  • Current Drug Targets aims to cover the latest and most outstanding developments on the medicinal chemistry and pharmacology of molecular drug targets e.g. disease specific proteins, receptors, enzymes, genes. Each issue of the journal will be devoted to a single timely topic, with series of in-depth reviews, written by leaders in the field, covering a range of current topics on drug targets. These issues will be organized and led by a guest editor who is a recognized expert in the overall topic. As the discovery, identification, characterisation and validation of novel human drug targets for drug discovery continues to grow; this journal will be essential reading for all pharmaceutical scientists involved in drug discovery and development.
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