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The Use of Antibody Engineering to Create Novel Drugs that Target N-methyl-D-Aspartate Receptors

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Abstract:

According to a recent World Health Organization survey, there are over four hundred million people worldwide suffering from mental and neurological disorders schizophrenia affects some forty-five million people, and unipolar major depression ranked fifth in major causes of disability and death. Clearly it is of the utmost importance to develop new, effective, and safe neuro-pharmaceuticals with this increasing global burden of disease. To this end, we have developed a strategy of generating monoclonal antibodies that act as modulators of the cell-surface central nervous system receptor-ion channel complexes.

In this review we will focus on the generation and characterization of a monoclonal antibody that acts as a partial agonist to the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor. The creation of peptide mimetics, derived from this monoclonal antibody, that may be useful as cognitive enhancers and protect neurons hypoxic and ischemic insults caused by stroke, will also be discussed.

Keywords: B6B21; Monoclonal Antibody Production; Peptide Synthesis; Primary Hippocampal Cultures; TCP Binding Assays; anticonvulsant MK-801; methyl-D-Aspartate Receptors

Document Type: Review Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.2174/1389450013348399

Publication date: 2001-09-01

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  • Current Drug Targets aims to cover the latest and most outstanding developments on the medicinal chemistry and pharmacology of molecular drug targets e.g. disease specific proteins, receptors, enzymes, genes. Each issue of the journal will be devoted to a single timely topic, with series of in-depth reviews, written by leaders in the field, covering a range of current topics on drug targets. These issues will be organized and led by a guest editor who is a recognized expert in the overall topic. As the discovery, identification, characterisation and validation of novel human drug targets for drug discovery continues to grow; this journal will be essential reading for all pharmaceutical scientists involved in drug discovery and development.
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