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Current Treatment of Autoimmune Blistering Diseases

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Abstract:

Autoimmune bullous diseases are a heterogeneous group of disorders that can be subdivided according to the level of split formation in the intraepidermal blistering pemphigus diseases and subepidermal bullous disorders, latter including pemphigoid diseases, epidermolysis bullosa acquisita, and dermatitis herpetiformis. In the majority of autoimmune bullous disorders, disease activity can be sufficiently controlled by systemic corticosteroids in combination with further immunosuppressants/immunomodulants such as dapsone, doxycycline, methotrexate, azathioprine, or mycophenolate mofetil. In contrast, in pemphigus, mucous membrane pemphigoid, and epidermolysis bullosa acquisita, treatment is challenging and only in a minority of patients, conventional immunosuppressive therapy induces clinical remission. Since only a few years ago, only cyclophosphamide and high-dose intravenous immunoglobulin were available as potent second-line therapies. Meanwhile, immunoadsorption and the monoclonal anti-CD20 antibody rituximab have been established as further therapeutic options. Here, both conventional therapies and novel treatment regimens for autoimmune blistering diseases are discussed.





Keywords: Epidermolysis bullosa acquisita; immunoadsorption; mucous membrane pemphigoid; pemphigus; rituximab

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.2174/157016309789869065

Publication date: 2009-12-01

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  • Due to the plethora of new approaches being used in modern drug discovery by the pharmaceutical industry, Current Drug Discovery Technologies has been established to provide comprehensive overviews of all the major modern techniques and technologies used in drug design and discovery. The journal is the forum for publishing both original research papers and reviews describing novel approaches and cutting edge technologies used in all stages of drug discovery. The journal addresses the multidimensional challenges of drug discovery science including integration issues of the drug discovery process.

    Current Drug Discovery Technologies is an essential journal for all scientists and research managers involved in drug discovery who wish to keep abreast of all the modern techniques and technologies used in drug discovery.
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