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Formulation and Evaluation of Famotidine Floating Tablets

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Abstract:

The purpose of this investigation was to prepare a gastroretentive drug delivery system of famotidine. Floating tablets of famotidine were prepared employing two different grades of methocel K100 and methocel K15M by effervescent technique; these grades of methocel were evaluated for their gel forming properties. Sodium bicarbonate was incorporated as a gas-generating agent. The floating tablets were evaluated for uniformity of weight, hardness, friability, drug content, in vitro buoyancy and dissolution studies. The effect of citric acid on drug release profile and floating properties was investigated. The prepared tablets exhibited satisfactory physico-chemical characteristics. All the prepared batches showed good in vitro buoyancy. The tablet swelled radially and axially during in vitro buoyancy studies. It was observed that the tablet remained buoyant for 6-10 hours. Decrease in the citric acid level increased the floating lag time but tablets floated for longer duration. A combination of sodium bicarbonate (130mg) and citric acid (10mg) was found to achieve optimum in vitro buoyancy. The tablets with methocel K100 were found to float for longer duration as compared with formulations containing methocel K15M. The drug release from the tablets was sufficiently sustained and non-Fickian transport of the drug from tablets was confirmed.





Keywords: Famotidine; floating tablets; in vitro buoyancy

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Bhupal Nobles ' College of Pharmacy, Udaipur-313 001, Rajasthan, India

Publication date: January 1, 2007

More about this publication?
  • The aim of Current Drug Delivery is to publish peer-reviewed articles, short communications, short and in-depth reviews in the rapidly developing field of drug delivery. Modern drug research aims to build in delivery properties of a drug at the design phase, however in many cases this ideal cannot be met and the development of delivery systems becomes as important as the development as the drugs themselves.

    The journal aims to cover the latest outstanding developments in drug and vaccine delivery employing physical, physico-chemical and chemical methods. The drugs include a wide range of bioactive compounds from simple pharmaceuticals to peptides, proteins, nucleotides, nucleosides and sugars. The journal will also report progress in the fields of transport routes and mechanisms including efflux proteins and multi-drug resistance.

    The journal is essential for all pharmaceutical scientists involved in drug design, development and delivery.
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