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Oncolytic Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1 and Host Immune Responses

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The use of oncolytic herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) is a promising strategy for cancer treatment. Accumulating evidence indicates that, aside from the extent of replication capability within the tumor, the efficacy of an oncolytic HSV-1 depends on the extent of induction of host antitumor immune responses. Ways to modify the host immune responses toward viral oncolysis include expression of immunostimulatory molecules using oncolytic HSV-1 as a vector and co-administration of reagents that modulate immune reactions. Viral propagation may be enhanced via temporary suppression of innate immune responses. Elucidation of the role of the host immune system in oncolytic HSV-1 therapy is the key to establishing the approach as a useful clinical means for cancer treatment.

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Keywords: Herpes simplex virus type 1; antitumor immunity; cancer immunotherapy; innate immunity; oncolytic virus therapy

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Neurosurgery,University of Tokyo Hospital, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8655,Japan.

Publication date: 2007-03-01

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  • Current Cancer Drug Targets aims to cover all the latest and outstanding developments on the medicinal chemistry, pharmacology, molecular biology, genomics and biochemistry of contemporary molecular drug targets involved in cancer, e.g. disease specific proteins, receptors, enzymes, genes.
    Each issue of the journal contains a series of timely in-depth reviews written by leaders in the field covering a range of current topics on drug targets involved in cancer.
    As the discovery, identification, characterization and validation of novel human drug targets for anti-cancer drug discovery continues to grow; this journal has become essential reading for all pharmaceutical scientists involved in drug discovery and development.
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