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Pro- and Anti-Arrhythmic Effects of Anti-Inflammatory Drugs

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Inflammatory process is strongly associated with cardiac arrhythmia, either as a cause or a consequence. Antiinflammatory drugs are widely prescribed, and some of them have been associated with an increased cardiovascular risk. Then, the eventual pro- or anti-arrhythmic effect of these drugs is of high interest for clinical practice. This review summarizes pro- and anti-arrhythmic effects of anti-inflammatory drugs, based on the analysis of published clinical trials. Cardiac arrhythmias are divided into atrial fibrillation (AF) and ventricular arrhythmias. Based on the literature and on pathophysiology, post-operative AF and post-ablative AF are analyzed separately. After a brief overview of fundamental mechanisms of arrhythmia and their relationship to inflammation, we thought to examine corticosteroids, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), and colchicine effects on cardiac arrhythmias. All anti-inflammatory drugs have demonstrated anti-arrhythmic properties in post operative AF. Apart from this specific condition, NSAIDs and corticosteroids increase the risk of AF. Regarding ventricular arrhythmias the effects of these drugs are not well established and would require further investigations.

Keywords: AF ablation; Anti-inflammatory; NSAID; atrial fibrillation; colchicine; corticosteroid; supra-ventricular arrhythmias; ventricular arrhythmia; ventricular tachycardia

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: March 1, 2013

More about this publication?
  • Anti-Inflammatory & Anti-Allergy Agents in Medicinal Chemistry aims to cover all the latest and outstanding developments in medicinal chemistry and rational drug design for the discovery of new Anti-Inflammatory & Anti-Allergy Agents.

    Each issue contains a series of timely in-depth reviews written by leaders in the field covering a range of current topics in Anti-Inflammatory & Anti-Allergy Medicinal Chemistry.

    Anti-Inflammatory & Anti-Allergy Agents in Medicinal Chemistry is an essential journal for every medicinal chemist who wishes to be kept informed and up-to-date with the latest and most important developments in Anti-Inflammatory & Anti-Allergy Agents drug discovery.

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