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Nanotechnologies for Anti-Inflammatory RNAi-Based Gene Silencing Strategies

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Abstract:

RNA interference (RNAi) is an endogenous process initiated by short double stranded RNAs, which results in sequence-specific posttranscriptional gene silencing. Since its discovery RNAi has become the most widely used experimental tool providing powerful and sequence-specific knockdown of protein expression to elucidate the function of genes. The possibility of blocking the expression of any protein carries huge expectations for potential therapeutic applications in a wide range of diseases. For clinical development, however, the use of RNAi-based therapeutics has to overcome major drawbacks and disadvantages, mainly targeted delivery and safety issues. This review summarizes the current status of progress made in the development of efficient in vivo silencing; focusing on both viral and non viral delivery strategies, and provides an overview of specifications for anti-inflammatory RNAi-based gene therapy in preclinical models of immune- mediated inflammatory disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis, skin disorders and inflammatory bowel diseases.





Keywords: RNA interference; gene therapy; immunotherapy; inflammation; nanoparticles

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: September 1, 2010

More about this publication?
  • Anti-Inflammatory & Anti-Allergy Agents in Medicinal Chemistry aims to cover all the latest and outstanding developments in medicinal chemistry and rational drug design for the discovery of new Anti-Inflammatory & Anti-Allergy Agents.

    Each issue contains a series of timely in-depth reviews written by leaders in the field covering a range of current topics in Anti-Inflammatory & Anti-Allergy Medicinal Chemistry.

    Anti-Inflammatory & Anti-Allergy Agents in Medicinal Chemistry is an essential journal for every medicinal chemist who wishes to be kept informed and up-to-date with the latest and most important developments in Anti-Inflammatory & Anti-Allergy Agents drug discovery.

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