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The Blood Brain Barrier, Mechanisms of Cerebral Edema, and the Use of Anti-Inflammatory and other Anti-Edema Agents in Neuro-Oncology

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Vasogenic edema resultant from malignant brain and spine tumors can impart neurological disability and life threatening compression of the central nervous system. Clinical management of edema requires a working understanding of the blood brain barrier, blood cerebrospinal fluid barrier, and the major mechanisms that tumors utilize to disrupt the normal function of these barriers. Corticosteroids and anti-angiogenic agents allay vasogenic edema and serve as fundamental treatment strategies for brain and spine tumor patients. This section reviews relevant microscopic anatomy, pathologic processes and inflammatory mediators important in the production of vasogenic cerebrospinal edema, and the rationale behind management strategies of edema in this patient population.

Keywords: Blood brain barrier; anti-inflammatory agents; brain tumor; cerebrospinal fluid; edema

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: September 1, 2010

More about this publication?
  • Anti-Inflammatory & Anti-Allergy Agents in Medicinal Chemistry aims to cover all the latest and outstanding developments in medicinal chemistry and rational drug design for the discovery of new Anti-Inflammatory & Anti-Allergy Agents.

    Each issue contains a series of timely in-depth reviews written by leaders in the field covering a range of current topics in Anti-Inflammatory & Anti-Allergy Medicinal Chemistry.

    Anti-Inflammatory & Anti-Allergy Agents in Medicinal Chemistry is an essential journal for every medicinal chemist who wishes to be kept informed and up-to-date with the latest and most important developments in Anti-Inflammatory & Anti-Allergy Agents drug discovery.

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