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Anti-Inflammatory Therapy for Alzheimer's Disease from Epidemiological Fact to New Mechanisms of Action

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While the exact causes or mechanisms of Alzheimer's disease (AD) are still not known, the most critical risk factor is aging. Cellular oxidative stress is known to occur in the brain during aging and some pathology of AD could be explained by the oxidative stress, including senile plaques, deposition of amyloid peptide (Aβ) and tangles (deposition of an abnormally phosphorylated tau). Also gliosis, which may release inflammatory molecules and cause oxidative stress, is a feature of aging and AD. Epidemiological analysis indicates that people with severe arthritis and who are subjected to leprosy therapy have significantly lower rates of AD. Since both arthritis and leprosy therapy involves high doses of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), and the fact that inflammation is involved in AD pathology, NSAID-therapy might prevent or delay the onset of AD. More recently NSAIDs were found to reduce production of Aβ peptide. Therefore, we should revisit NSAIDs as potential treatment for AD therapy. There are clinical studies showing the beneficial effects of NSAIDs treatments in AD patients, in contrast, other studies show a lack of benefit. This article discusses the role of inflammation and oxidative stress in AD and the role of drugs preventing them.

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Keywords: Alzheimer's disease; anti-inflammatory drugs; inflammation

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2010-09-01

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  • Anti-Inflammatory & Anti-Allergy Agents in Medicinal Chemistry aims to cover all the latest and outstanding developments in medicinal chemistry and rational drug design for the discovery of new Anti-Inflammatory & Anti-Allergy Agents.

    Each issue contains a series of timely in-depth reviews written by leaders in the field covering a range of current topics in Anti-Inflammatory & Anti-Allergy Medicinal Chemistry.

    Anti-Inflammatory & Anti-Allergy Agents in Medicinal Chemistry is an essential journal for every medicinal chemist who wishes to be kept informed and up-to-date with the latest and most important developments in Anti-Inflammatory & Anti-Allergy Agents drug discovery.
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