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Patterns and causes of the growth of European agricultural production, 1950 to 2005

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The objective of this article is to determine the principal causes of the rapid agricultural growth on the European continent between 1950 and 2005. To this end it is essential to calculate the relative contributions made to the growth of agricultural output by the increase in inputs or in total factor productivity (TFP). Our results identify three different models to explain the growth of European agricultural output. That of the Western European countries was principally based on a rapid growth of TFP. The opposing model is that of the Central and Eastern European countries, where heavy capital investment was crucial and the contribution of TFP was slight. Finally, the Mediterranean and Nordic countries are located in an intermediate position, with a contribution of capital higher than in the Western European countries but clearly lower than in the planned economies.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 01 June 2015

More about this publication?
  • Agricultural History Review is the leading journal for the publication of original research in all aspects of agricultural and rural history. First published in 1952, the Review reflects the diversity of approaches which are possible in rural history. Its editors welcome submissions in any aspect of the history of agriculture, rural society and rural economy over the past millennium. Whilst it is not concerned with current policy debates, it is interested in considering discussions of the historical dimensions of current problems in rural society and food supply. The Review is especially strong in British rural history, but actively seeks submissions in European and American rural history and has no bar on submissions concerning the remainder of the world. It is also the journal of record for book reviews in the discipline.

    Agricultural History Review has an international editorial board. The current editors are Professor R. W. Hoyle, University of Reading, UK who is responsible for articles, and Professor H. R. French, University of Exeter who serves as editor for book reviews. The Review is fully peer-refereed.

    Agricultural History Review is published by the British Agricultural History Society from whom personal subscriptions may be obtained.
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