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Systematics of Eriogonoideae s. s. (Polygonaceae)

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Eriogonoideae s. s. (buckwheats and spineflowers, Polygonaceae) comprises morphologically diverse plants (ca. 325 species, 20 genera) distributed amphitropically in the New World. The lineage is hypothesized to have recently diversified mostly in arid habitats of the western U. S. A., where species richness and endemism are highest. Generic classification of Eriogonoideae s. s. has been unstable, mostly due to different morphological interpretations of the involucre. In this study, phylogenetic relationships of Eriogonoideae s. s. were estimated using multiple genes (ITS, trnL‐F and psbD‐trnT), optimality criteria (Bayesian, Garli ML and RAxML), and a large taxonomic sample (n = 160). Tribes Pterostegieae and Eriogoneae are monophyletic and subtribes Chorizanthineae and Eriogoneae are paraphyletic. The largest genera (Eriogonum and Chorizanthe) and most subgenera are paraphyletic. Most taxonomic groups shown to be non-monophyletic in phylogenies are also rejected for monophyly using the Shimodaira-Hasegawa test. With a primary goal of informing future taxonomic changes, major clades are identified that may be referrable to generic or infrageneric groups within Eriogonoideae s. s. Also, hypotheses regarding the variation of inflorescence features among Eriogonoideae s. s. are discussed.

Keywords: Adaptive radiations; Chorizanthe; Eriogonum; Mucronea; Shimodaira-Hasegawa test; morphological homoplasy

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1600/036364412X648698

Publication date: July 1, 2012

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