Skip to main content

Mayariochloa, a New Monotypic Genus Segregated from Scutachne (Poaceae, Panicoideae, Paniceae)

Buy Article:

$23.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Abstract:

Abstract—

The genus Scutachne (Poaceae, Paniceae) is revised. This American genus, which included two species from the Caribbean, was circumscribed on the basis of morphological and molecular characters. To analyze both species of the genus, S. amphistemon and S. dura, a detailed study of the micromorphology of the upper anthecium and leaf anatomy, together with exomorphological characters, was performed. Both species differ in vegetative and reproductive characters, including blade distribution, ligules, presence of axillary inflorescences, consistency of upper glume, lower lemma, and lower palea, presence of a lower flower, upper anthecium ornamentation, and presence of a rachilla extension. Anatomically, S. dura is a C4 PCK species, while S. amphistemon is a C3, non-Kranz taxon. The molecular phylogenetic analysis supports these morphological differences. As a result, we concluded that Scutachne, as presently circumscribed, is a polyphyletic genus. Therefore, the genus is here redefined and S. amphistemon is transferred to the new genus Mayariochloa . Affinities of the new genus with other genera of Paniceae are also discussed.

Keywords: Cuba; Melinidinae; leaf anatomy; phylogeny

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1600/036364412X616684

Publication date: 2012-01-01

More about this publication?
  • Access Key
  • Free ContentFree content
  • Partial Free ContentPartial Free content
  • New ContentNew content
  • Open Access ContentOpen access content
  • Partial Open Access ContentPartial Open access content
  • Subscribed ContentSubscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed ContentPartial Subscribed content
  • Free Trial ContentFree trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more