Phylogeny and Biogeography of Encelia (Asteraceae) in the Sonoran and Peninsular Deserts Based on Multiple DNA Sequences
Abstract:Encelia, Enceliopsis, and Geraea are three closely related genera of shrubs and herbs distributed in the arid lands of western North and South America. Resolution of relationships within Encelia has traditionally been difficult because there is some morphological overlap among species, and species hybridize when sympatric. In this study, we used DNA sequence data from two nuclear regions (ITS and ETS) and two chloroplast regions (psbA-trnH and trnS-trnfM) to infer phylogenetic relationships among 19 species, subspecies, and varieties of Encelia. Eight species of Enceliopsis, Geraea, Simsia, and Bahiopsis were also included as outgroups. These data support previous hypotheses suggesting that Encelia is monophyletic and sister to Enceliopsis + Geraea. In addition, our data provide evidence for two major subclades within Encelia that are supported by morphological synapomorphies. However, little differentiation was observed among species of Encelia within subclades. This lack of differentiation may be the result of a recent diversification of the genus including recent radiation in the Peninsular Desert.
Document Type: Abstract
Publication date: 2007-07-01
More about this publication?
- Systematic Botany is the scientific journal of the American Society of Plant Taxonomists and publishes four issues per year.
2011 Impact Factor: 1.517
2011 ISI Journal Citation Reports® Rankings: 87/190 - Plant Sciences
34/45 - Evolutionary Biology
- Editorial Board
- Information for Authors
- Submit a Paper
- Subscribe to this Title
- Membership Information
- Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites