Skip to main content

Molecular Phylogeny of the Polystichoid Ferns in Asia Based on rbcL Sequences

Buy Article:

$15.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Polystichum has often been treated as a sub-cosmopolitan genus of 180-230 species (i.e., Polystichum s.l.), but several segregate genera, such as Cyrtogonellum, Cyrtomidictyum, Cyrtomium, Phanerophlebia, and Sorolepidium, have been recognized in various treatments. Together, these genera constitute the polystichoid ferns. We used a data set of 47 species of the polystichoid ferns and three outgroups, including new rbcL sequences for six species in Asia, to address their phylogeny. Maximum-parsimony (MP) and Bayesian inference analyses were performed. The polystichoid ferns were resolved to include four major clades, the tropical American Phanerophlebia clade, the Cyrtomium s.s. clade, the Polystichum s.s. clade, and an eastern Asian clade containing Cyrtomium subser. Balansana, Cyrtogonellum, three sections of Polystichum, and Cyrtomidictyum (the BCPC clade). The Cyrtomium s.s. clade included 15 species of the genus but excluded subser. Balansana. The Polystichum s.s. clade was resolved as being monophyletic with relatively low bootstrap support, as long as Sorolepidium is included in Polystichum. The overall topology retrieved by the Bayesian analysis was similar to that of the MP tree, but generally had higher internal support. Based on the molecular phylogeny, three sections of Polystichum s.l., i.e., sect. Sphaenopolystichum, sect. Haplopolystichum, and sect. Crucifilix, may be more closely related to other members of the BCPC group. The eastern Asian BCPC group shared once-pinnate fronds, except for Polystichum sect. Sphaenopolystichum. Morphologically, once-pinnate leaf dissection and reticulate venation appear to be ancestral in the polystichoid ferns.
No Reference information available - sign in for access.
No Citation information available - sign in for access.
No Supplementary Data.
No Article Media
No Metrics


Document Type: Regular Paper

Publication date: 2007-01-01

More about this publication?
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more