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Evidence for Inclusion of South African Endemic Nylandtia in Muraltia (Polygalaceae)

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Abstract:

Nylandtia (Polygalaceae) is a small South African genus of two or more species distributed mainly in the Cape region. Previous studies based on anatomical, morphological and molecular data have already revealed a close relationship between Nylandtia and Muraltia, a genus of 117 species that is nearly endemic to South Africa. New evidence from molecular studies of family Polygalaceae and genus Muraltia shows that Nylandtia is derived from genus Muraltia, and is nested in Muraltia subgenus Psiloclada. These results have prompted a morphological re-evaluation of the genera Nylandtia and Muraltia, supporting the conclusion that the two species of Nylandtia currently recognized, N. spinosa and N. scoparia, should be included in subgenus Psiloclada within the genus Muraltia. Only one nomenclatural change is necessary: Muraltia spinosa (L.) F. Forest & J. C. Manning, comb. nov.

Keywords: CAPE FLORA; COMBINATION; SOUTH AFRICA; TAXONOMY

Document Type: Regular Paper

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1600/036364406778388566

Publication date: July 1, 2006

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