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Open Access Extraction of Impervious Surface Areas from High Spatial Resolution Imagery by Multiple Agent Segmentation and Classification

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In recent years impervious surface areas (ISA) have emerged as a key paradigm to explain and predict ecosystem health in relationship to watershed development. The ISA data are essential for environmental monitoring and management in coastal State of Rhode Island. However, there is lack of information on high spatial resolution ISA. In this study, we developed an algorithm of multiple agent segmentation and classification (MASC) that includes submodels of segmentation, shadow-effect, MANOVA-based classification, and post-classification. The segmentation sub-model replaced the spectral difference with heterogeneity change for regions merging. Shape information was introduced to enhance the performance of ISA extraction. The shadow-effect sub-model used a split-and-merge process to separate shadows and the objects that cause the shadows. The MANOVA-based classification sub-model took into account the relationship between spectral bands and the variability in the training objects and the objects to be classified. Existing GIS data were used in the classification and post-classification process. The MASC successfully extracted ISA from high spatial resolution airborne true-color digital orthophoto and space-borne QuickBird-2 imagery in the testing areas, and then was extended for extraction of high spatial resolution ISA in the State of Rhode Island.

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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 01 July 2008

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  • The official journal of the American Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing - the Imaging and Geospatial Information Society (ASPRS). This highly respected publication covers all facets of photogrammetry and remote sensing methods and technologies.

    Founded in 1934, the American Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing (ASPRS) is a scientific association serving over 7,000 professional members around the world. Our mission is to advance knowledge and improve understanding of mapping sciences to promote the responsible applications of photogrammetry, remote sensing, geographic information systems (GIS), and supporting technologies.
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