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Noise Reduction of EEG Signal Based on Head Movement Estimation by Using Frontal Viewing Camera

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Abstract:

Recently, the use of the brain computer interface (BCI), which enables interaction with a computer via a user's electroencephalogram (EEG) signal, has been researched for several applications. Examples of such applications include control of mobile devices, analysis of the driving habits and drowsiness of drivers, diagnosis of brain diseases such as epileptic seizure, and analysis of eye fatigue on display devices. In general, several electrodes should be attached to the surface of the head in order to measure the EEG signal, but noise occurs due to the movements of the attached electrodes by the user's head movements. In order to solve this problem, we propose a new method for correctly obtaining robust EEG data from head movements. This research is novel in the following three ways. First, a user's head movements are estimated by using a frontal viewing camera attached to a wearable device. Second, in order to estimate the accurate direction and amount of head movement with successive images by the frontal viewing camera, motion vectors between the images are obtained by the Lucas-Kanade-Tomasi (LKT) method. Third, whether or not the user's head movement occurs is determined by using a user-dependent support vector machine (SVM) with two features based on the motion vectors. The experimental results showed that the proposed method could measure the EEG signals robust to the user's head movements.

Keywords: BRAIN COMPUTER INTERFACE; ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAM; LUCAS-KANADE-TOMASI; USER-DEPENDENT SUPPORT VECTOR MACHINE

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1166/sl.2012.2299

Publication date: 2012-05-01

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