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Ambulatory Gait Analysis with Accelerometer on Smart Phone

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Abstract:

Gait analysis has been used to investigate gait features in the clinical field and to monitor activities in daily-living. MEMS (micro electro-mechanical system) inertial sensors such as accelerometers and gyroscopes are suitable for ambulatory human motion analysis because they are small, light, and cheap. Smart phones have many advantages such as built-in accelerometers, magnetometers, and wireless communication. In this study, an ambulatory gait analysis method using an accelerometer in a smart phone is presented. The smart phone is attached to a subject's lower trunk. The accelerometer signals are transmitted via Bluetooth and saved on a PC. Foot contacts are detected by the peak of the forward acceleration signal, and the supporting leg is determined from the sign of the mediolateral displacement or mediolateral acceleration. This method is verified using an optical motion capture system for sampled gait steps. The feasibility is evaluated using the walking patters of five young, healthy subjects. Several specific topics regarding a smart phone's application to gait analysis are addressed. This study shows the feasibility of using a smart phone to analyze gait parameters.

Keywords: ACCELEROMETER; BIOMECHANICS; GAIT ANALYSIS; SMART PHONE

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/sl.2012.2272

Publication date: May 1, 2012

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  • The growing interest and activity in the field of sensor technologies requires a forum for rapid dissemination of important results: Sensor Letters is that forum. Sensor Letters offers scientists, engineers and medical experts timely, peer-reviewed research on sensor science and technology of the highest quality. Sensor Letters publish original rapid communications, full papers and timely state-of-the-art reviews encompassing the fundamental and applied research on sensor science and technology in all fields of science, engineering, and medicine. Highest priority will be given to short communications reporting important new scientific and technological findings.
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