An Energy Efficient and Low Latency Routing Protocol in WSNs

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Abstract:

The paper proposes a routing protocol TRPLUCS in WSNs which combines hierarchical tree routing method with location-based uniformly clustering strategy. TRPLUCS gives a good compromise between energy consumption and delay. First, TRPLUCS makes balanced clustering based on geographic regions. That is to say, all the clusters are uniformly distributed in WSNs with approximately equal number of nodes in each cluster. Second, TRPLUCS computes a spanning tree inside the cluster. Each node in cluster transmits data to its cluster-head along the spanning tree. Third, TRPLUCS constructs an optimal tree among all the cluster-heads. The data packets are then routed to the sink along the optimal tree. Simulation results show that TRPLUCS performs better than PEGASIS and LEACH in terms of energy * delay cost metric.

Keywords: CLUSTER; DELAY; ENERGY; HIERARCHICAL TREE; WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/sl.2011.1543

Publication date: October 1, 2011

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  • The growing interest and activity in the field of sensor technologies requires a forum for rapid dissemination of important results: Sensor Letters is that forum. Sensor Letters offers scientists, engineers and medical experts timely, peer-reviewed research on sensor science and technology of the highest quality. Sensor Letters publish original rapid communications, full papers and timely state-of-the-art reviews encompassing the fundamental and applied research on sensor science and technology in all fields of science, engineering, and medicine. Highest priority will be given to short communications reporting important new scientific and technological findings.
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