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Surface Plasmon Resonance Optical Sensor for Detection of Essential Heavy Metal Ions with Potential for Toxicity: Copper, Zinc and Manganese Ions

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Abstract:

In this work, surface plasmon resonance (SPR) spectroscopy had been studied for detection of essential heavy metal ions with potential for toxicity: copper, zinc and manganese ions (Cu2+, Zn2+ and Mn2+). The sensitivity of SPR optical sensor had been enhanced by introducing a thin crosslinked chitosan layer on a gold film. Crosslinked chitosan solution was synthesized by homogeneous reaction of medium molecular weight chitosan in aqueous acetic acid solution with glutaraldehyde as crosslinking agent. It was deposited on gold film by spin coating. From the results we found that the change in the resonance angle (Δ) is directly proportional to the concentration of heavy metal ions solution (0.5–100 ppm). The sensitivity of this optical sensor for the studied heavy metal ions are in following order: Cu2+ > Zn2+ > Mn2+. The gold/chitosan interface in SPR technique is highly sensitive for these heavy metal ions with detection limit as low as 0.5 ppm.

Keywords: COPPER; CROSSLINKED CHITOSAN; SURFACE PLASMON RESONANCE; ZINC AND MANGANESE IONS

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/sl.2011.1742

Publication date: October 1, 2011

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