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Vortex Trapping in Hybrid Magnetometers

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Hybrid magnetometers based on a normal conducting sensor and a superconducting flux concentrator have been investigated. When this sensor is operated in an unshielded environment flux vortices can be trapped in the superconducting body when the sensor is cooled. Thermal hopping of the trapped vortices gives rise to 1/f noise. The mechanism for vortex trapping has been investigated. A new model for the critical field for vortex trapping and vortex densities has been derived. Experimental verification on YBa2Cu3O7− (YBCO) strips with a Scanning SQUID Microscope shows very good agreement between measurements and the new theory. The results have been applied in a hybrid magnetometer design based on a bismuth Hall sensor and an YBCO flux concentrator. Measurements show a field gain up to G ≈ 7 with a large effective range of ±175 T.
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Keywords: FLUX CONCENTRATION; MAGNETOMETER; VORTEX TRAPPING

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2009-06-01

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