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Structural and Magnetic Properties of A2−xBxFeMoO6: Double Perovskite CMR Systems

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The structural and magnetic properties of double perovskite CMR systems such as Sr2−xMgxFeMoO6 (x = 0 to 0.5) and Ba2−xSrxFeMoO6 (x = 0 to 1.0) prepared in polycrystalline form are reported herewith. XRD and SEM were used for structural evaluation of the samples. Magnetization measurements were done using vibrating sample magnetometer. XRD results showed that all the samples are single phase except for small amount of second phase in Mg substituted samples (x > 0.3). The magnetization value of Sr1.9Mg0.1FeMoO6 at room temperature and at 85 K are 23 and 39 emu/g respectively. The corresponding values of Sr2FeMoO6 are 20 and 35 emu/g. Similarly the magneto-resistance value of Sr1.9Mg0.1FeMoO6 is higher compared to the pure Sr2FeMoO6 sample. Samples with Mg content greater than 0.3 does not show any magneto-resistance behavior. The magnetization value of Ba2FeMoO6 at room temperature is 13 emu/g and that at 85 K is 37 emu/g. The corresponding values for Ba1.0Sr1.0FeMoO6 are 22 and 33 emu/g respectively. The Curie temperature varies from 317 to 375 K with Ba stoichiometry variation of Ba = 2 to Ba = 1. The magneto-resistance value of Ba2FeMoO6 is ∼25% at 77 K while that for BaSrFeMoO6 is ∼30%. The observed variation in the magnetic and magneto-transport properties are explained by taking into account of the antisite disorder caused by the substitution of smaller cations, i.e., Mg in place of Sr and Sr in place of Ba. Moreover the effective length of Fe–O–Mo bond compresses and it bends due the substitution of the smaller cations.


Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: June 1, 2009

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