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A Micro-Electromechanical System Based Hydrogen Gas Sensor

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Abstract:

We describe the fabrication processes and the characterizations of a MEMS (Micro-electromechanical systems) based hydrogen gas sensor. The gas sensor is made by MEMS based on a semiconductor fabrication method except for the ceramic bulk. The heating electrode and sensing electrode were formed being apart from the substrate by using MEMS and SnO2 ceramic bulk as a gas sensitive material was formed extending over the heating and sensing electrode. The SnO2 gas sensor with the micro-hotplate showed good response to the H2 gas at 50∼20,000 ppm and high selectivity as compared to other gases as CO, H2S, and CH4. The value obtained of the TCR is 1.61 × 10−3 K−1. The TCR of the micro hotplate is lower than the TCR of bulk Pt as the thickness of the micro hotplate is only 2 m.

Keywords: HYDROGEN; MEMS; SNO2; TEMPERATURE COEFFICIENT OF RESISTANCE

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/sl.2008.552

Publication date: December 1, 2008

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