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Advantages of an Energetic Approach to Derive the Electro-Mechanical Coupling

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This paper presents the advantages of a strong coupled formulation derived from the energy to model the electro-mechanical coupling appearing in MEMS. Usually classical softwares use a staggered methodology iterating between two different codes to obtain the solution of the coupled problem. Others use some additional links between the two fields to obtain a stronger coupling. In this research a strong coupled formulation derived from the total energy of the problem is proposed and has been presented by the author in paper. In this approach a new formulation of the electrostatic force is obtained and an analytical expression of the tangent stiffness matrix of the whole problem is derived. It has also been shown that this formulation of electrostatic forces provides a better convergence around corner. This paper will highlight the advantage to use this method in static, modal and dynamic simulation. Indeed using the tangent stiffness matrix, nonlinear algorithms such as the Riks-Crisfield algorithm may be applied to solve the static nonlinear problem and determine accurately the static pull-in voltage. Moreover, the natural frequencies may be easily computed around each equilibrium positions. The dynamic behaviour of the structure may also be studied and two characteristic parameters are computed: the dynamic pull-in voltage and the dynamic pull-in time. This strong coupled methodology deriving from variational principle may also be used for topology optimisation and extended finite elements.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2008-02-01

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