Sensing of Flow and Shear Stress Using Fluorescent Molecular Rotors
Authors: Haidekker, Mark A.; Akers, Walter; Lichlyter, Darcy; Brady, Thomas P.; Theodorakis, Emmanuel A.
Source: Sensor Letters, Volume 3, Numbers 1-4, January 2005 , pp. 42-48(7)
Publisher: American Scientific Publishers
Abstract:Molecular rotors are fluorescent molecules with two competing pathways of deexcitation: They return from the excited singlet state to the ground state either through fluorescence or through nonradiative intramolecular rotation. Molecular rotors are known as viscosity sensors, because intramolecular rotation rate depends on the viscosity of the solvent. In this study, we describe a new observation that the emission intensity of certain molecular rotors with hydrophilic head groups is elevated in fluids under shear. This intensity increase is dependent on both fluid velocity and viscosity. Statistically significant intensity increase was observed at fluid velocities as low as 0.6 mm/s. Using fiberoptics, local flow profiles could be probed. Measuring emission intensity of molecular rotors in sheared fluids may lead to the development of new shear field sensors, allowing real-time measurement of shear and flow without disturbing the fluid.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: January 1, 2005
- The growing interest and activity in the field of sensor technologies requires a forum for rapid dissemination of important results: Sensor Letters is that forum. Sensor Letters offers scientists, engineers and medical experts timely, peer-reviewed research on sensor science and technology of the highest quality. Sensor Letters publish original rapid communications, full papers and timely state-of-the-art reviews encompassing the fundamental and applied research on sensor science and technology in all fields of science, engineering, and medicine. Highest priority will be given to short communications reporting important new scientific and technological findings.
- Editorial Board
- Information for Authors
- Subscribe to this Title
- Terms & Conditions
- ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites