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Synthesis and Thermal Degradation of Fire-Retardant Zinc Hydroxystannate Nanocube Coated Textiles

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Abstract:

Large scale zinc hydroxystannate [ZnSn(OH)6, ZHS] nanocubes have been synthesized on cotton, nylon and polyester textiles using a simple room temperature solution dipping and reaction process. Electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, and X-ray diffraction analyses confirmed the presence, structure, morphology and composition of ZHS nanocubes. Flame tests based on ASTM D6413 and NFPA 705 standards showed flame-retardancy improvements of ZHS-treated cotton and nylon fabrics. The ZHS mass fraction and specific fabric burn mechanism were found to determine the thermal degradation resistance and fire retardant ability of the ZHS treated textiles.

Keywords: FABRIC; ZNSN(OH)6

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/sam.2012.1350

Publication date: August 1, 2012

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  • Science of Advanced Materials (SAM) is an interdisciplinary peer-reviewed journal consolidating research activities in all aspects of advanced materials in the fields of science, engineering and medicine into a single and unique reference source. SAM provides the means for materials scientists, chemists, physicists, biologists, engineers, ceramicists, metallurgists, theoreticians and technocrats to publish original research articles as reviews with author's photo and short biography, full research articles and communications of important new scientific and technological findings, encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all latest aspects of advanced materials.
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