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Nano-Engineered Yb2O3 Doped Optical Fiber: Fabrication, Material Characterizations, Spectroscopic Properties and Lasing Characteristics: A Review

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This review summarizes the very recent work on development of Yb2O3 doped nano-crystalline YAG in a silica based preforms made by modified chemical vapour deposition (MCVD)—solution doping technique and under suitable thermal annealing of the preforms for next generation of optical fiber devices. There is a great need to engineer the composition as well as doping levels of different elements within the core glass during the preform making stages to generate phase-separated Yb2O3 doped yttria–alumino rich silica nano particles, with or without crystalline in nature, in the fibre. The discussion concentrates on making of Yb2O3 doped yttria–alumino rich YAG nano-crystals containing silica glass based perform, drawing of fibers containing phase-separated dielectric nano-particles along with material characterizations, study of spectroscopic properties, photo-darkening phenomena and lasing characteristics. Also, approaches that may be applied for the formation of yttria alumina rich phase-separated crystalline nano-particles and dielectric nano-particles within the preform and fiber core region respectively are discussed in this review.
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Keywords: ANNEALING; FIBER LASER; FIBER OPTICS; HIGH RESOLUTION TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; NANO-CRYSTALLINE MATERIALS; NANO-PARTICLES; POROUS SOOT LAYER; RARE-EARTH IONS; SOLUTION DOPING TECHNIQUE

Document Type: Review Article

Publication date: 2012-02-01

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  • Science of Advanced Materials (SAM) is an interdisciplinary peer-reviewed journal consolidating research activities in all aspects of advanced materials in the fields of science, engineering and medicine into a single and unique reference source. SAM provides the means for materials scientists, chemists, physicists, biologists, engineers, ceramicists, metallurgists, theoreticians and technocrats to publish original research articles as reviews with author's photo and short biography, full research articles and communications of important new scientific and technological findings, encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all latest aspects of advanced materials.
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