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Cu2ZnSnS4 as a New Solar Cell Material: The History and the Future

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Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS) material has attracted much attention from industry and scientific society in recent years because of its promising applications in high efficiency and low cost solar cells. The efficiency of CZTS solar cells relies on the controllability of the phase, the composition, the defects, and the morphology of the CZTS material. This review introduces important synthetic methods that could be divided into two big groups according to their fabrication cost. Remark on advantages and disadvantages of each method follows. Emphasis is put on phase, composition, defects, and morphology control by these methods. Besides synthetic methods, cells with different configurations are summarized and compared, and promising ways to high efficiency and low cost solar cells based on CZTS nanostructure arrays is proposed. Conclusion is given to provide possible direction for future development in this field.
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Keywords: CZTS; HIGH EFFICIENCY; NANOARRAYS; SOLAR CELLS; SOLUTION-PROCESSING

Document Type: Review Article

Publication date: 01 March 2012

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  • Reviews in Advanced Sciences and Engineering is an international journal that provides a forum to publish peer-reviewed review articles on all experimental and theoretical aspect of advanced natural sciences, engineering and biomedical sciences. The main aim of RASE is to publish in-depth, authoritative, comprehensive, critical and up-to-date information on the topic reviews articles in all aspects of advanced sciences and engineering with authors photograph and biography.
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