Open Access Optical and Electrical Properties of Wurtzite Copper Indium Sulfide Nanoflakes

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Abstract:

Raman spectroscopic analysis and Hall measurement of wurtzite copper indium sulfide (CuInS2) were carried out. Nanocrystalline wurtzite CuInS2 (CIS) was synthesized by a solvothermal reaction route for these studies. It is observed that the amount of sulfur source, time and temperature of the reaction are the key to control wurtzite phase formation of CuInS2. Wurtzite nanoflakes were formed at 150 °C, with ethylenediamine as the selected solvent and the ratio of Cu:In:S precursor was kept at 1.1:1:5. The Hall measurement resulted in sheet resistivity, ρ, of ∼2 × 105 Ω/sq, Hall coefficient of ∼10 m2/C, mobility of ∼0.5 cm2/V-s and hole concentration of ∼7 × 1013/cm2. Slight shift in the Raman spectra of 1–2 cm−1 was observed between wurtzite and roquesite CuInS2 and was attributed to the stoichiometric variation in Cu/In and/or changes in the chemical environments of the two crystal structures.

Keywords: COPPER INDIUM SULFIDE (CUINS2); HALL MEASUREMENT; OPTICAL PROPERTIES; SOLVOTHERMAL SYNTHESIS; WURTZITE

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/mex.2012.1091

Publication date: December 1, 2012

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  • Materials Express is a peer-reviewed multidisciplinary journal reporting emerging researches on materials science, engineering, technology and biology. Cutting-edge researches on the synthesis, characterization, properties, and applications of a very wide range of materials are covered for broad readership; from physical sciences to life sciences. In particular, the journal aims to report advanced materials with interesting electronic, magnetic, optical, mechanical and catalytic properties for industrial applications.
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