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Open Access Temperature Dependent Thermal Conductivity Increase of Aqueous Nanofluid with Single Walled Carbon Nanotube Inclusion

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We investigated the thermal and electrical conductivity of water seeded with single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNT) synthesized using the alcohol catalytic chemical vapour deposition method. Sodium deoxycholate was used as the surfactant to prepare stable nanofluids, which we then thoroughly characterized by microscopic and spectroscopic methods. Electrical conductivity measurements showed power law dependence with respect to SWCNT loading, while the thermal conductivity increase showed a linear dependence on loading. The effective thermal conductivity of the nanofluid was also found to increase with increasing temperature. Viscosity of the nanofluids showed a threefold increase compared to the thermal conductivity increase, which may play a crucial role in utilizing this fluid for practical applications. We compare experimental results with existing analytical models and discuss the critical role of thermal boundary resistance, which limits the improvement in thermal conductivity. Influence of SWCNT aggregation in the increase of effective thermal conductivity is also discussed.

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Keywords: CARBON; DEPENDENCE; NANOFLUID; NANOTUBES; TEMPERATURE; THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY; VISCOSITY

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2012-09-01

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  • Materials Express is a peer-reviewed multidisciplinary journal reporting emerging researches on materials science, engineering, technology and biology. Cutting-edge researches on the synthesis, characterization, properties, and applications of a very wide range of materials are covered for broad readership; from physical sciences to life sciences. In particular, the journal aims to report advanced materials with interesting electronic, magnetic, optical, mechanical and catalytic properties for industrial applications.
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