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Bacteria- and Fungicidal Action of Ag, Au, ZnO, SiO2 Nanoparticles in Presence of Carboxylic Acid in Polymer Matrix

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Polymer nanocomposites based on different nanoparticles are intensively investigated for biomedical application due to the plenty of unique antimicrobial properties to gram-positive, gram-negative pathogens and fungi. Antibacterial and antifungal activity against wide range of microorganisms as well as the long-term activity (for a few months) is the main advantage of nanocomposites. The paper describes results of antifungal and antibacterial effects exhibited by acrylic nanocomposites contained Ag, Au, SiO2, ZnO nanoparticles. Agar diffusion test was carried out for the nanomaterial bioactivity study. Candida albicans (C. albicans) and Aspergillus fumigatus (A. fumigatus) strain of fungi and staphylococci were used as a test objects. We found the strong antifungal and antibacterial activity of ZnO nanoparticles at presence of polymerized carboxylic acid in polymer matrix and the absence of such effects for pH neutral matrix. Possible explanations of semiconductor oxide nanoparticles antifungal and antibacterial activity were discussed in detail and related to the result of consequent chemical mechanism of water photolysis on semiconductor oxide nanoparticle surface, hydrogen peroxide production, its chemical reaction with polymer matrix, depolymerization, production of monomeric carboxylic acid and its reaction with Zn on nanoparticles surface and, finally, production of Zn organic salt, acting as biocidal agent. Nanocomposite weight loss measurements and pH changes processing by water confirm proposed explanation.
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Keywords: ACRYLATE; ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY; ANTIFUNGAL ACTIVITY; BIOPOLYMER; NANOCOMPOSITE

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2017-10-01

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  • Bionanoscience attempts to harness various functions of biological macromolecules and integrate them with engineering for technological applications. It is based on a bottom-up approach and encompasses structural biology, biomacromolecular engineering, material science, and engineering, extending the horizon of material science. The journal aims at publication of (i) Letters (ii) Reviews (3) Concepts (4) Rapid communications (5) Research papers (6) Book reviews (7) Conference announcements in the interface between chemistry, physics, biology, material science, and technology. The use of biological macromolecules as sensors, biomaterials, information storage devices, biomolecular arrays, molecular machines is significantly increasing. The traditional disciplines of chemistry, physics, and biology are overlapping and coalescing with nanoscale science and technology. Currently research in this area is scattered in different journals and this journal seeks to bring them under a single umbrella to ensure highest quality peer-reviewed research for rapid dissemination in areas that are in the forefront of science and technology which is witnessing phenomenal and accelerated growth.
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