Different bone injuries may call for different types of bone grafting and unique bone graft materials. The ideal bone-graft substitute is biocompatible, bioresorbable, osteoconductive, osteoinductive; in short structurally similar to bone, easy to use, and cost-effective. The current
choice of bone grafts is the autograft since it possesses all the characteristics necessary for new bone growth but has its own limitations. Ceramics are one of the substitutes for bone grafts owing to the resemblance of their chemical structure to inorganic bone matrix component. Ceramics
offer no possibility for disease transmission. This review discusses the use of various ceramic compositions and advantages of application of nanotechnology in this field.
Bionanoscience attempts to harness various functions of biological macromolecules and integrate them with engineering for technological applications. It is based on a bottom-up approach and encompasses structural biology, biomacromolecular engineering, material science, and engineering, extending the horizon of material science. The journal aims at publication of (i) Letters (ii) Reviews (3) Concepts (4) Rapid communications (5) Research papers (6) Book reviews (7) Conference announcements in the interface between chemistry, physics, biology, material science, and technology. The use of biological macromolecules as sensors, biomaterials, information storage devices, biomolecular arrays, molecular machines is significantly increasing. The traditional disciplines of chemistry, physics, and biology are overlapping and coalescing with nanoscale science and technology. Currently research in this area is scattered in different journals and this journal seeks to bring them under a single umbrella to ensure highest quality peer-reviewed research for rapid dissemination in areas that are in the forefront of science and technology which is witnessing phenomenal and accelerated growth.