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Comparative Raman Study of Individual Double-Walled Carbon Nanotubes and Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes

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In this paper, we compare the Raman responses obtained on individual suspended Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes (SWNTs) and Double-Walled Carbon Nanotubes (DWNTs). We focus on the comparison of the frequencies, line widths, intensities and resonance conditions of the main Raman active modes measured on an index-identified DWNT with those measured on SWNTs having atomic structures close to the inner and outer tubes of the DWNT. By this way, we state that the relation between the radial breathing mode frequencies and the diameters established for SWNTs do not work in DWNTs. We found that resonance of only one tube can be sufficient to observe the response of the coupled layers in DWNTs. These results are understood in terms of mechanical coupling between the layers in DWNTs. We evidence that the spectral line widths of the Raman active modes are systematically narrower for DWNTs compared to the corresponding SWNTs. Finally, we present the measurements of the G modes of two different DWNTs which behave in a different way. For the first one, the frequencies of the G modes are not significantly affected by the interaction between the layers, while for the second one we evidence a downward shift of the LO and TO bands arising from the inner layer.
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Keywords: ELECTRON DIFFRACTION; INDIVIDUAL DOUBLE-WALLED CARBON NANOTUBES; INDIVIDUAL SINGLE-WALLED CARBON NANOTUBES; RAMAN SPECTROSCOPY

Document Type: Review Article

Publication date: 01 January 2013

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  • Journal of Nanoelectronics and Optoelectronics (JNO) is an international and cross-disciplinary peer reviewed journal to consolidate emerging experimental and theoretical research activities in the areas of nanoscale electronic and optoelectronic materials and devices into a single and unique reference source. JNO aims to facilitate the dissemination of interdisciplinary research results in the inter-related and converging fields of nanoelectronics and optoelectronics.
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