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Synthesis of Mesoporous Cerium Oxide (CeO2) Nanoparticles and Effect of Cerium Precursors on Transamidation of Acetamide with N-Octylamine Under Solvent-Free Conditions

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Mesoporous cerium oxide (CeO2) nanoparticles act as an effective heterogeneous catalyst for the transamidation reaction of amides with amines. The mesoporous CeO2 nanoparticles were prepared by hydrothermal method using different cerium precursor such as: cerium(III) chloride heptahydrate [CeCl3 · 7H2O], cerium nitrate hexahydrate [Ce(NO3)3 · 6H2O], ceric ammonium nitrate [(NH4)2Ce(NO3)6], and cerium(III) acetate [Ce(C2H3O2)3 · 1.5H2O]. It shows highest catalytic activity for transamidation of acetamide with N-octylamine under solvent free conditions. This is the first example of a heterogeneous catalyst for transamidation using aliphatic amines as substrates. The X-ray diffraction, BET surface area analysis, and FT-IR characterizations of CeO2 suggested its excellent catalytic activity for transamidation reaction.
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Keywords: Hydrothermal Synthesis; Mesoporous CeO2; Nanostructures; One-Pot Synthesis; Transamidation Reaction

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: School of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Thapar University, Patiala 147004, India 2: Department of Chemistry, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, Hauz Khas, New Delhi 110016, India 3: Sustainable Environergy Research Laboratory, Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, Hauz Khas, New Delhi 110016, India 4: Organic Electronics Laboratory, Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Powai, Mumbai 400076, Maharashtra, India

Publication date: 01 July 2017

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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