Simple Calculation of Power Conversion Efficiency of PC61BM and PC71BM Based Organic Solar Cells—Good Agreement with Experiments in Donor Materials with Different Band Gap Energies
The power conversion efficiencies (PCEs) as a function of band gap energies and the lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) levels of donor materials are studied in bulk-heterojunction organic solar cells (OSCs) fabricated from donor materials and fullerene acceptors. The PCEs of [6,6]-pheynl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester (PC61BM) and [6,6]-pheynl-C71-butyric acid methyl ester (PC71BM) based OSCs blended with donor materials under the Air Mass 1.5 (AM1.5) spectrum are calculated. In the calculation, the short circuit current densities are determined by band gap energies of donor materials and the open circuit voltages are derived from the difference between the highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) levels of donor materials and LUMO levels of PC61BM and PC71BM. The calculation is in good agreement with the experiments. The PCEs under a fluorescent lamp are also calculated. The calculated PCEs of PC71BM based OSCs under a fluorescent lamp are higher than those under the AM1.5 spectrum by a factor of 2. The PCEs of thieno [3,4-b] thiophene and benzodithiophene (PTB7):PC71BM based OSCs are studied under the AM1.5 spectrum and a fluorescent lamp spectrum and are consistent with the calculation.
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Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Department of Physics and Electronics, Osaka Prefecture University, 1-1 Gakuen-cho, Sakai, Osaka 599-8531, Japan
Publication date: 01 April 2016
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