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Nanoporous Activated Carbon Derived from Lapsi (Choerospondias Axillaris) Seed Stone for the Removal of Arsenic from Water

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Abstract:

Activated carbons were prepared from Lapsi (Choerospondias Axillaris) seed stone by zinc chloride (ZnCl2) activation at three different Lapsi seed powder (LSP):ZnCl2 ratios: 1:0.5 (AC-0.5), 1:1 (AC-1), and 1:2 (AC-2). The properties of these activated carbons (ACs), including effective surface areas, pore volumes, and pore size distributions were characterized from N2 adsorption–desorption isotherms. The ACs obtained were essentially nanoporous (including both micro- and mesoporous) with effective surface area ranging from 1167 to 1328 m2/g. Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy showed the presence of functional groups on the surface of ACs. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images showed a high pore development in the ACs. X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns showed that, in addition to the amorphous structure, ACs contains crystalline ZnO formed during the carbonization. Presence of amorphous carbon is further confirmed by Raman scattering, where we observed only D and G bands. Iron impregnated nanoporous AC has been found to be very effective for arsenic removal from ground water; amount of arsenic is decreased from ca. 200 ppb to 10 ppb. These experimental results indicate the potential use of Lapsi seed as a precursor material for the preparation of high surface area nanoporous activated carbons.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2012.6568

Publication date: September 1, 2012

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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