Nanoporous Activated Carbon Derived from Lapsi (Choerospondias Axillaris) Seed Stone for the Removal of Arsenic from Water
Abstract:Activated carbons were prepared from Lapsi (Choerospondias Axillaris) seed stone by zinc chloride (ZnCl2) activation at three different Lapsi seed powder (LSP):ZnCl2 ratios: 1:0.5 (AC-0.5), 1:1 (AC-1), and 1:2 (AC-2). The properties of these activated carbons (ACs), including effective surface areas, pore volumes, and pore size distributions were characterized from N2 adsorption–desorption isotherms. The ACs obtained were essentially nanoporous (including both micro- and mesoporous) with effective surface area ranging from 1167 to 1328 m2/g. Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy showed the presence of functional groups on the surface of ACs. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images showed a high pore development in the ACs. X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns showed that, in addition to the amorphous structure, ACs contains crystalline ZnO formed during the carbonization. Presence of amorphous carbon is further confirmed by Raman scattering, where we observed only D and G bands. Iron impregnated nanoporous AC has been found to be very effective for arsenic removal from ground water; amount of arsenic is decreased from ca. 200 ppb to 10 ppb. These experimental results indicate the potential use of Lapsi seed as a precursor material for the preparation of high surface area nanoporous activated carbons.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: September 1, 2012
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